Types of pain

 

Nociceptive:

  • Somatic pain
    • Injury to body tissues
  • Visceral pain
    • Pain arising from organs
  • Pain Descriptors
    • Cramping, crushing, lacerating, cutting, piercing, sharp, tearing, throbbing, wrenching

Neuropathic:

  • Sympathetic
    • Damage to peripheral nerve that leads to *autonomic changes
  • Peripheral
    • Damage to peripheral nerve that does not lead to *autonomic changes
  • Central
    • Abnormal CNS activity
  • Pain descriptors
    • Aching, burning, boring, prickling, numb, stabbing, tingling, stinging, radiation, lancinating

*Autonomic changes = HR, RR, urination, sexual arousal, fight or flight

Pain Assessment algorithm

Pain Tx algorithm

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